Algebra was a project to find out as a kid, however it soon became fun and I wanted to find out more. As being a child I was much interested in learning Algebra than I was in how Algebra came into being. The curiosity bug finally hit and I found out, and this is the history of Algebra.
What exactly is Algebra? Algebra is a form of math used to solve problems. Actually, Algebra was made to solve everyday conditions that merchants encounter. Algebra uses constants and variables. Variables are symbols that represent different values when found in different equations. Constants are numbers that always have a similar value. The number 5 and pi are constants,whereas x, y, and z are variables. Algebra is approximately reducing a problem and balancing an equation using the end goal being X = a number.
The History of Algebra. As it turns out, Algebra wasn’t invented overnight by one fellow. The Babylonians, the Greeks, the Arabs, the Indians, chinese people, as well as the Europeans all led to Algebra as we know it today.
The Babylonian contribution – Besides solving the quadratic equation, the Babylonians developed a number system which had true place values and was in base 60. (We currently utilize a base 10 number system. We also have place values. For example, 20 is twice ten.)
The Greeks – The Greeks also helped by helping cover their the creation of Algebra. A male named Diophantus wrote a series of books called Arithmetica. He solved equations and also used symbols, but he didn’t solve general equations. All the problems he solved had a specific solution unique to that particular problem. The methods used to solve each problem doesn’t help to solve another problem.
Some people refer to Diophantus as the father of Algebra, but a majority of people consider Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi to be the father. Diophantus was alive within the third century. His exact birth year and death year are certainly not certain.
Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi (Arabic) – Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi wrote a book whose title translated for the Compendious Book on Calculation by Finishing of and Balancing. For the first time general problems could be solved by balancing equations. Basically, balancing equations means that everything you do to one side of the equation you should do for the opposite side, if you add 3 to one side, you must add 3 towards the other side. This was around 820 A.D. Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi wrote is usually regarded as the father of Algebra.
The Indian contribution – Mahavira solved several forms of equations in 850 AD. Bhaskara II solved the quadratic equation using more than one unknown in 1114 AD. (Ancient Hindi, just like the Babylonians, had a counting quqvyg and a number system with place values.) For additional information see – Checkout the best Hindi Book for SSC
Europe – Fibonaccci introduced Algebra to Europe in 1202 AD after reading Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi’s book. Fibonacci, in addition to many of his contemporaries along with other scientists and mathematicians to follow along with, put into the industry of Algebra.
Chinese – Zhu Shijie solved equations with as much as four unknowns around 1300 AD. Returning to the Arabian contribution , Abu al-Hasan ibn Ali ali-Qalasadi introduced using words and letters for mathematical symbols.