It takes more than a tan trench coat and pithy tag lines to be a powerful private investigator. In many jurisdictions, PIs has to be licensed by the state and bonded, and they operate under increasingly regulated working conditions. However, PIs remain a powerful supply of information-gathering for civil litigants, criminal defendants and betrayed spouses. Chilling out your private investigator shingle takes work and along with a significant capital investment, but the profession is still both interesting and lucrative–a good combination for the naturally inquisitive entrepreneur.
1. Decide if you can be licensed. Most states have stringent laws about who may be licensed to handle how to start my own security company. Typically, licensees should have a clean criminal history, at the very least three years’ experience being an employed investigator and a degree linked to criminal justice. With no license, someone may not lawfully open a private investigation agency.
2. Get yourself a private investigator license. Each state has different forms and procedures for obtaining one. Most impose a fee. For example, Michigan charges $750 for an application and $39 for fingerprinting.
3. Begin a business entity. Contact the business services bureau of your state government for specific forms, procedures and fees. Generally speaking, to start out a small-liability company, file articles of organization using the state. To start out a corporation, file articles of incorporation.
4. Get an Employer Identification Number through the Internal Revenue Service. The Internal Revenue Service will supply, at no cost, an EIN upon receipt of Form SS-4. Fill out the SS-4 application online at IRS.gov.
5. Acquire permits required that local governments and agencies require. For instance, some communities require small enterprises to request a municipal business license, as well as other communities need a zoning variance for operating a business in a residential zone (e.g., a property office). Check with city, county and township officials for more information.
6. Develop a business plan along with a marketing plan. Both documents provide strategic direction for the company. The organization plan estimates expected financial performance, as well as the marketing plan identifies your potential audience and techniques to improve your firm’s visibility within that market. The Tiny Business Administration offers free templates for developing these two documents.
7. Connect to clients. Network with local attorneys, newspaper reporters and the chamber of commerce to improve your contact with other business professionals.
As a result of inherent risks related to private investigation, you should strongly think about a corporation or perhaps a limited-liability company instead of a proprietorship. A corporation or LLC will give you a college degree of wqwelk protection to your personal assets.
If you are convicted of a firearms offense, you will lose your PI license. Regardless of the drama of television programs, PIs do not possess a license to hold by virtue for being an investigator. If you must possess a gun, obtain proper state permits and licenses. Also, fully familiarize yourself with wiretapping and privacy laws–illegally obtained evidence can ruin a case and discredit your abilities being a professional investigator.